M.G.A.H.V STUDENT HOUSING
National Open Competition – Joint 1st Prize
Location : Wardha, Maharashtra
Client : Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya (funded by University Grants commission)
Project Status : Phase 1 and 2 completed 2008
Plot Area : 212 acres
Built-up Area : Student Housing :120000 sqft; Staff Housing: 75000 sqft;
Health centre : 5000sqft
Executing Agency : Central Public Works Department
Structural Consultants : Parag Nerlekar
MEP consultants : Sheth Techno. Consultants
Quantity Surveyors : Dongre Associate
The concept stems from an interest in developing what we termed “New Culture” in which faculty, students & visitors would participate in a non-hierarchical and rhizomatic organizational structure. This becomes evident both in the way the institutional & residential programs provide for variation, non-linearity, change & flexibility through the integration of non-programmatic spaces such as courtyards, terraces, gardens, walkways, etc. with the required programmatic elements such as the Schools of Culture or the student and scholar hostels or faculty residences.
The second concern is chiefly environmental and that of sustainibility. The site and its surroundings have offered major clues to the positioning of the buildings, and the creation of in-between and peripheral spaces.
The built form is fragmented in nature and essentially comprises of basic units of different scales that take on an informal character. The organization and orientation of the units is primarily determined by the undulating nature of the site. This makes the relationship of each unit to a neighboring unit unique and specific. The sloping site gives rise to various interconnecting levels, where the terraces of some units overlook courtyard spaces of others.
Three different types of units exist – single, twin and married scholars rooms functioning individually as a personal space and is physically disconnected from neighboring units, but programmatically connected by a common area, which is shared by 10-12 students. The common area includes the kitchen, small dining area and living/ games area. The common area and a toilet block with scattered units’ forms a basic cluster.
Terraces, courtyards connect, extend and animate movement with interaction. The units are a constant and the relationship between the units is the variable. This allows a high level of flexibility in the design. An individual spending a minimum of 2 yrs to a maximum of 5 yrs in this campus as a student would find such a space extremely interactive and non-restrictive as opposed to a typical dormitory or hostel block which is extremely uniform and impersonal and constricting. A basic cluster would have students not only from the different schools of the institution but also from different academic years. The density of the units in combination with elements like trellises gives rise to interesting shade and lighting conditions throughout the year. Multiple entrances and routes to reach the units, common rooms and dining room add to the experience of the students
In the residential zone, interaction among students is facilitated by the shared-open non-programmatic spaces such as courtyards, terraces, staircases, ramps, green spaces.
Apart from staircases, landscaped ramps serve as transition elements between these units, hence integrating the landscape as an essential part of the design in relation to the built form.